Biotechnology Engineering is a branch of engineering that concentrates on biotechnologies and biological science. It includes different disciplines such as biochemical engineering, biomedical engineering, bio-process engineering, bio-system engineering etc. In general it is an integrated approach of fundamental biological sciences and traditional engineering principles.
Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. Biotechnology is often referred to genetic engineering technology of the 21st century. However, it incorporates a wider range and history of procedures for modifying biological organisms according to the needs of humanity, going back to the initial modifications of native plants into improved food crops through artificial selection and hybridization.
Traditional biotechnology industries are also attaining new skylines enabling them to improve the quality of their products and increase the productivity of their systems with the development of new approaches and modern techniques.
Biotechnology has applications in four major industrial areas, including health care (medical), crop production and agriculture, non-food (industrial) uses of crops and other products (e.g. biodegradable plastics, vegetable oil, biofuels), and environmental uses.
Biotechnology is growing field for future with good job future perspectives. Below are some important things for Biotechnology in India.
Today’s biotechnology consists of at least twenty-five areas each area being characterized by the use of a different set of technologies.
Advantages of Biotechnologies:
- Biotechnologies are always non-polluting and, often, labor intensive.
- They make use of replenish-able natural resources and help their conservation.
- They help, directly or indirectly, in saving energy.
- The cost of products produced through a biotechnological process is almost always less than that of the same product product produced.
- Biotechnologies are less accident-prone. In spite of their high level of intellectual sophistication, it is easier to train people to handle biotechnologies than other technologies. Above all, they are interesting and exciting for all those involved with them.
Advantages of Biotechnologies in India:
No other country in the world today has the unique set of advantages that India offers for large-scale practice of biotechnology. We have one of the largest bio in the world. We also have one of the largest coastlines anywhere. We have at least seven distinct climatic zones and one of the largest and most varied sets of marine organisms anywhere. The ambient temperature in most parts of the country is just what living organisms need for their activities that result in a biotechnological product. This curtails immensely the cost of cooling or heating which becomes obligatory for the practice of biotechnology in most parts of the Western world. There are places on the Indian coast where there is uninterrupted sunshine for some 340 days in the year so that one can grow marine organisms in open raceways.
We have an enviable infrastructure and a large pool of trained manpower, with experience in most of the areas of biotechnology. Our labor and infrastructure costs are, perhaps, lower than anywhere else where biotechnology can be done and is being done, with the possible exception of China. We have large tracts of land available for growing the desired plants required for agriculture-based biotechnology. We have experience of building world-class institutions in virtually every sector of human endeavor – from outstanding basic research to efficient industrial production. We have, of course, many problems but we also know how to overcome them. In a nutshell the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages. It is a pity that we started much later in biotechnology than we could have but, even now, the prospects for the future are bright.
|The candidate seeking admission to the B.Tech in Bio-Tech Engineering Course must have passed 10+2 with Non-Medical Examination of any recognized board / Council.|
|Lateral Entry to 2nd Year:|
|The Candidate who has successfully completed three years of Polytechnic diploma from state technical board after 10th standard is also eligible take admission in 2nd Year of B.Tech in Bio-Tech & Engineering.|
|The program duration for B.Tech Bio-Tech Engineering will be four years comprising of eight semesters but the candidate will have to complete the program within six years from the session of enrolment.|